Many of us have seen groundnut seeds, and we have also eaten them, but only a few of us have seen groundnut plant.
The other names for groundnut are peanut and goober. It is a legume crop that farmers grow for the seeds.
Farmers in tropics and subtropics mainly grow this crop. It is an important crop both for small and commercial producers.
Even though people use it as a dry fruit, the groundnut plant is classified as a grain and as a legume. It is due to the high oil content. Farmers also categorise groundnuts as oil crops.
In the year 2014, the world annual production of shelled peanuts was 42 million tonnes.
You might have seen, or even you might not have seen that groundnuts grow underground. The seeds we consume naturally have a shell or outer covering. You should remove the shell to reach the peanut pods. It is a groundnut information that everyone should know.
Even though people use the term groundnut and peanut interchangeably, there is a difference between the two.
If you wish to compare peanut vs groundnut, you should know that the former is a type of the latter that belongs to the legume family.
You might have heard about natural peanut butter. People prepare them from peanuts that we call as earthnuts, monkey nuts, goober nuts and also as groundnuts.
In western culture, people compare peanuts to that of walnuts and almonds and dishes are prepared similarly. Botanically, a nut is a term used for referring to fruits with hard ovary walls on maturity. So, you should not categorise groundnut as nuts, but you should categorise them as legumes.
Farmers should harvest a peanut plant at the right time. When harvesting the pods should neither be young nor be matured.