APPLE: INFORMATION, BENEFITS, NUTRITION, SMOOTHIE
Apple’s botanical name is Malus pumila. It grows on a deciduous tree of height 1.8 to 4.6 m (6 to 15 ft). Apples propagate through grafting.Apples can also form bud sports (mutations on a single branch).
- Apples are self-incompatible, so they cross-pollinate.
- The fruit matures in autumn or late summer.
- The skin of apples may be green, red, yellow or pink. Its skin is covered with a protective layer of epicuticular wax. The flesh is pale yellowish-white.
- Apple has about 57,000 genes.
- They have 7,500 varieties.
History of Apple:
Alexander the Great was credited with finding dwarfed apples in Kazakhstan in 328 BCE. The fruit is one of the oldest varieties in existence. The fruit was among the favourite lists of Ancient Greeks and Romans.
In Norse tradition, a more positive guise was given to the fruit i.e., a magic apple was said to keep people youthful eternally.
Varieties of Apple:
- Arkansas Black
- Bonza apple
- Braeburn apple
- Gala apple
- Golden delicious apple
- Granny Smith apple
- Jonathan apple
- Pacific Rose
- Yellow Transparent
- Cripps Pink apple
- Red delicious apples
Apples are loaded with Vitamin C. They also contain a good amount of fibre. They are good for cardiovascular problems.
Do you know apples can cause damage also? So eating apples in excess may cause some damage to tooth enamel due to the presence of acid.
Why should we wash apples before eating?
They contain pesticides on their surface.
Why do our parents ask us not to eat apple seeds?
They contain about 700 mg of cyanide per kilogram. About 100 grams of apple seeds would be enough to kill a 70-kg (154-pound), adult. A seed weighs 0.7 grams, so you would have to munch on 143 seeds to get that amount of cyanide.