CHIKOO INFORMATION, NUTRIENTS, BENEFITS
Also, called as sapodilla, Chiku fruit is botanically called as Manilkara zapota. This fruit is called by different names in different parts of India. For instance, North Indians call this fruit as chikoo, while south Indians call it is as sapota. In the eastern part of the country, it is called as sobeda or sofeda.
Further, it is called by different names in different countries. From these many names, it is understood that this fruit has reached various nations of the world and has dramatically attracted many people. What do biological studies say? According to physiological studies, the compound extracts from the leaves of sapota tree has shown cholesterol-lowering, antioxidant and antidiabetic effects in rats.
Further, the acetone extracts from the seeds of this fruit called as Cheeku in English showed antibacterial effects against the strains of some bacteria. Birthplace and cultivated countries: The sapota fruit, which is otherwise referred to as sapota in English is identified to be the fruit of evergreen and a long-lived tree that is the native of Southern Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Central America.
During Spanish colonization, the plant was brought to the Philippines. Now, it is grown in larger quantities in many countries across the globe. Some of the countries where sapota tree is grown are Mexico, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, and Pakistan.
The chickoo fruit can survive only in warm tropical environments. The tree can easily dry when the temperature drops below freezing degrees. To bear fruit, the tree will take from around 5-8 years. Even though flowering of the tree happens all round the year, the tree will yield fruit only twice in a year.
Taste of the fruit: The fruit has an extraordinarily sweet and malty flavour. When the fruit is yet to ripen, it will be hard to touch and will have high saponin content. A well-ripened fruit will be soft to touch.