Continued from Part--1
Types of Thyroidectomy Surgery:
Hemi thyroidectomy - A hemi thyroidectomy is the removal of one of the lobes of the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism is a nodule in the thyroid gland that may produce excessive thyroid hormone.
Subtotal Thyroidectomy - This procedure performed to remove a lobe, the isthmus, or a part of the other lobe of the thyroid gland.
Partial Thyroidectomy – Removal of gland in front of trachea after mobilisation.
Near Total Thyroidectomy - This operation involves removal of all or nearly all of the thyroid gland. It may be done for benign thyroid conditions that affect both thyroid lobes, such as large goitre or Graves' disease, or cancer.
Total Thyroidectomy - The entire gland is removed. It is performed in case of follicular carcinoma of thyroid.
Hartley Dunhill Surgery - Hartley Dunhill surgery is a removal of one entire lateral lobe with isthmus and partial or subtotal removal of opposite lateral lobe.
Recovery after Thyroidectomy Surgery:
Once the surgery is complete, nurse will monitor your recovery in a post-operative or recovery unit. You will be educated on how to change your dressings and properly care for your incision. You should inspect the incision daily and report any redness or other signs of infection to your physician. If the entire gland is removed, you will be required to take thyroid supplements for life. Most patients are discharged from the hospital one to four days after the procedure. Most resume their normal activities two weeks after the operation. Patients who have cancer may require subsequent treatment by an oncologist or an endocrinologist.
Follow-Up Care Post Thyroidectomy Surgery:
Clean the wound with hydrogen peroxide using a cotton swab twice each day
Apply antibiotic ointment (bacitracin or polypore) to the wound
If you have a bulb type drain, empty the drain bulb twice each day and record the output
The skin around the incision will be numb for several months after surgery
Three weeks after surgery, you may begin to massage the wound using a vitamin E or aloe containing lotion or oil. This will soften the scar over time
The sutures or the metal clips are removed three to seven days after the operation. Once the sutures are out, you may wash the wound with mild soap and water and gently dry the area
Benefits of Thyroidectomy Surgery:
Surgery is excellent therapy for hyperthyroidism with hardly any complications or recurrences. It is a great relieve for those not able to conceive and renders childbearing possible. Thyroidectomy also helps in avoiding long-term side-effects of antithyroid medications. Advanced technology and modern methods of treatment have decreased risks greatly and improved results of thyroidectomy. The new minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy has several advantages over the current standard treatment which include smaller incisions that allows patient to heal faster. This helps patient to return to their normal lives sooner.
Side- effects of Thyroidectomy Surgery:
Symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, which include tingling and spasms of the extremities
Redness or swelling around the incision
Drainage from the incision
Thyroidectomy Surgery in India:
Indian hospitals use most advanced and modern techniques and methods for Thyroidectomy surgery. There are many highly skilled consultant surgeons who use the most up to date, specialized techniques. These surgeons successfully discharge each case they handle safely and comfortably. Most of the hospitals in India have state-of-the-art facility and high class infrastructure that provide all the resources for critical surgeries like Thyroidectomy surgery. Indian hospitals offer these services in a comfortable setting where the staffs are friendly and compassionate. The surgeons in India deal very efficiently with all the doubts and fears that a patient may have.