Do sinus & its related issues mean you something?
Sinus of the face means the spaces or the cavities within the bones that help in secreting mucus and humidifying air, so that air filtration can be possible. Further to it, they add on to the skull’s strength and its capability to resist any trauma. Additionally, Sinus cavities permits further resonance to be added to our vocal system.
The exact facts of Sinusitis or Sinus
Sinuses are the airspaces which are developed from the nasal passages, and get inflamed due to mucus secretion and air humidification. Once the mucus is inflamed, it diminishes the mucus’s ability to get drained out, while raising the pressures in the area, resulting to headache. Colds and allergies are the common causes of the inflammation
A pathogenic microorganism that grows within a sinus is the cause of Sinus infection, the disturbance is felt as the intermittent blockage of Sinus ostium. Transmission of Sinus infection is not a common factor in most of the cases, except some. But the causes of the problem are bacteria and viruses that (by chance) can contaminate a person, whose sinus tissues have inflammation, swelling, abnormal mucus etc.
The occurrence of Sinusitis has relation with the inflammation of the air cavities, passing through our nasal passage. The causes of the Sinusitis are different in their types. The reasons are infected Sinusitis, Sinusitis infection, chemicals or allergies or even particulate irritation, afflicting the sinuses.
Classifications of Sinusitis can be done in different ways: acute, sub-acute, chronic, non-infectious Sinusitis and infected Sinusitis.
Symptoms of the problem
Facial tenderness, sinus headache, cloudy discoloured drainage, sore throat, feeling of nasal stuffiness, facial swelling (in rare cases), pain or pressure in the sinuses, fever and cough are the symptoms of Sinusitis.
Pus-like nasal discharge, facial pain and some other symptoms that continue for longer days, and not responding to the treatments of the over-the-counter medications, are the causes of bacterial infections.
Diagnosis of Sinusitis
Like all other types of diagnosis, Sinusitis is diagnosed after studying the patient’s history, followed by the physical examination. In most of the cases, x-rays and blood testing are not required.
Treatment of Sinusitis
The direction of the sinus treatment is to decrease the inflammation and allow it to drain out of the Sinus passages. When treated, it will decrease the headache, rather to say cause of headache.
The usual treatment of bacterial Sinusitis is antibiotic therapy, but it is not always the case. In case of allergic Sinusitis, early treatment can help in preventing secondary bacterial sinus problem. OTC medications like Tylenol, mucolytics and decongestants are the examples of home remedies for the infections of Sinusitis. With the help of a rinse kit (nasal bidet) or Neti-pot, Nasal irrigation can be done.
However, in case Sinusitis has rare fungal infection, (for example, zygomycosis), a medical emergency is the only alternative. As on date, no fungal vaccines are available for preventing fungal Sinusitis infections.
Complicated cases of Sinusitis
The examples of complicated cases of Sinusitis are meningitis, osteomyelitis, brain abscess and orbital cellulitis.