Eczema (Atopic Eczema), what it is?
One of the types of inflammatory condition of the skin is Atopic eczema. It is not a catching disease. The main types of skin diseases are known as eczema, hay fever, asthma and seasonal rhinitis. The disease has a genetic basis. The condition is a type of disease for which upper layer of the skin becomes crusting, oozing, blistering, thickening, scaling and pigmentations (sometimes) and with redness in colour. But all these conditions do not necessarily come together.
Eczema and dermatitis
The words, eczema and dermatitis are interchangeable. The problem may affect both sexes in an equal way. The problem starts at the very early stage i.e. within the weeks or within the months of a new born baby. Children are mostly affected by this type of skin disease. 10 per cent of the new born are found to be affected by this type of skin problem. The disease normally goes away during childhood. Many adults or teenagers, however, can also be the victims. Some of the adults may also get affected for the first time by this problem.
Causes of the problem
The cause of the problem is still not fully understood, but the disease is found to run in families & their generations. It is also known as part of a genetic make-up. Since the affected people do not feel any barrier to go out with the disease, there is enough reason that the affected person(s) will be most likely to gather allergy-inducing substances in their skin. Further to it, inflammation and dryness may also affect the person along with.
Is the disease hereditary?
Yes, eczema, hay fever and asthma are a hereditary disease. In case either of the parents is the victim of eczema, hay fever and asthma diseases will run through the next generation. The peculiarity of this hereditary problem is, it runs “true to type” system i.e. some of the new generation inherit the asthma or hay fever disease, while others get the eczema disease from their parent(s).
Symptoms of eczema
Itching is the main symptom of this disease. The itching results to scratching on the affected places, resulting to bad patches or changes on the upper layer of the eczema. The worsening condition may lead to sleep disturbance at night, leading to irritability and tiredness.
The appearance of atopic eczema
This skin disease can affect any part of your skin. Face is no exception, but the bends like knees and elbows, necks and wrists, pelvic area touching / adjacent to the thigh-end are the mostly the affected areas. The shape and size of the inflammation of this disease is like a coin. Other appearances of the skin problem are many numbers of small bumps that coincide with the follicular patterns (the hair follicles).
The colour of eczema is mostly red but dry. The scratch marks, due to bleeding, are the common appearances. When the eczema flares up, it becomes very active, developing small water blisters on the feet and hands. Mostly the affected areas become weepy & moist. Because of repeated scratches in the affected areas, the skin becomes thicken enough. This process is known as lichenification. The over-itching of the area makes it itchier.
The reasons behind atopic eczema getting flared up
There are many reasons for which the atopic eczema becomes bad to worse. The reasons are:
Being unwell: Any common cold can make the problem flared up.
Contacts with detergents, soaps like irritants and heat & dusts are the aggravators of the problem.
Eczema can become worse due to infectious viruses or bacteria. The bug most commonly known as ‘Staphylococcus’, plays havoc with the skin, making it crusty & inflamed and yellow in colour. People affected with this problem needs antibiotic treatments. If a patient is the victim of sexually transmitted disease like (HSV) herpes simplex virus, the patient will have cold sores, which are very painful and can spread widely.
Dryness of infection
How the problem of atopic eczema is diagnosed?
Atopic eczema is easily diagnosed by any of the health providers like nurse, doctor or professional by looking at the skin of the affected person. But sometimes older children and adults have different types of problem, needing the help of a professional. Neither the blood test nor the skin tests are necessary in this case. Only swabbing the skin by sterile cotton is enough to check the spreading of the bacterial infection.
Is atopic eczema curable?
Although controlling the problem is possible, it is not curable. It is such a disease it gets over with the age. With the progression of the age among the adults and young people, the problem automatically improves. Almost 75 per cent of the affected young ones get rid of this problem when they attain their teen-age. But the affected persons need to keep themselves away from irritants like bubble bath and soaps types of irritants. Adults may continue to have the problem of eczema, so controlling the problem with proper treatment is always advised. People who are engaged in catering, nursing and hairdressing types of jobs may need to remain attached with such irritant materials that can cause them continued problem.