Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo - A Guide

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, shortly called as BPPV is a health issue associated with ears. When you have this disease, you will feel like you are spinning or the world to be spinning around you. This condition is generally caused by the brief vertigo spells that come and go. For some people, this condition will go away on its own, but once it comes, there are great chances that it will come again and again. The relaxing news to you is that it is not a sign of a serious health issue.

What causes BPPV?

As mentioned earlier, this condition is caused by an issue in the inner ear. In general, the tiny calcium stones present inside the inner ear canals of humans help them keep the balance. When you move around or turn, these stones will also turn accordingly. However, these stones can get difficulty in moving, when there is some inflammation or infection. As these stones do not move, false message will be spent to your brain, thereby giving you the feeling of moving around.

What are the symptoms?

The spinning sensation called vertigo is the main symptom for this issue. It is important that you should understand the difference between dizziness and vertigo. These two are generally misunderstood by common people for one to another.

What happens when the condition worsens?

When the condition becomes worse, it will cause nausea and vomiting. The attack will begin when you move your head in a particular direction like moving the head back and forth or when you are rolling on the bed. Generally, it will last for less than a minute. But, when you move your head in the same position, it may trigger another episode of vertigo immediately. Generally, this condition will go away on its own without any treatment. In some cases, it will be away for years together, but the patient will suddenly experience it.

What increases the risk?

Generally, people falling under any of the categories mentioned below are at the risk of getting this condition:

• Those who are older

• Those who had a head injury in the earlier part of life

• When individuals have a swelling of the inner ear or of the nerve that joins the inner ear and the brain.

• For those, who have underwent an ear surgery

• People with one episode of vertigo are also likely to get many such episodes in the future.

Can it be prevented?

Generally, this condition cannot be prevented, but to protect from head injuries, which causes BPPV, it is recommended that people riding bikes should wear helmets when riding.

What are the home treatment options?

If you already had such an episode, you can prevent further attacks with the help of the tips given below:

• By using two or more pillows at night

• Avoid sleeping on the side of the ear, which causes the problem

• When getting up in the morning, do it slowly and before stepping down from your bed, sit for a few seconds

• Do not lend backwards or forward too much

• You should be careful when reclining, like when you are sitting in the chair in the dentist office.

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