CABBAGE: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, PREVENTION, TREATMENT, REMEDIES
- Cabbage belongs to the family of "brassicas"
- We eat the green and purple leaves of the cabbage in many dishes
- The head of cabbage can grow from 0.5 to 4 kg. It is rich in vitamin, minerals and fibre which makes it healthy to eat.
- It is believed that some 3000 years ago the West cabbage was domesticated in Europe. They can live in cold weather with less water because they had thick leaves that retained water.
- Cabbage is used in East since 4000 BC, and it was cultivated in North China.
- Cabbage become common food by the time of the early Rome with other vegetables.
- According to tales Diogenes ate cabbage and drink water only.
- Cabbage is treated as superior to other vegetables in Rome.
- Even they used cabbage as a medicine for gout, headache and signs of poisonous mushroom ingestion.
- The largest producer of cabbage is China succeeded by India and Russia. They are the huge consumer of cabbage.
Types of Cabbage
A variety of green cabbage sometimes called as mammoth brussels sprouts; it is the most common variety found at grocery stores and markets. They have the maximum length to grow to about 12 inches. They have very dense leaves.
2. Choy Sum
Sometimes called as ‘Chinese Cabbage.'They can be seen at grocery shops and almost all Asian food markets. Similar as Bok Choy with a slight difference in thickness. These are longer and slimmer with soft leaves and crispy stems. It is used mainly as a salad with oranges and peanuts.
3. Early Jersey Wakefield Cabbage
Originally from Yorkshire(U.K.)These cabbages have heart shaped or cone shaped heads, which is surrounded by similar shape soft green leaves.
4. January King Cabbage
As per the name they can be planted in cold weather. They are served as a unique side dish.
5. Napa Cabbage
Oval shaped with crisp stems, greenish-yellow leaves. As compared to other green cabbage they are Sweet and Softer.
6. Red Drumhead Cabbage
They are tough, and their flavour is deep as compared to green cabbages, traditionally cultivated in the fall of pickling. Red cabbages are often used for veggie patches, they attract fewer worms and produce large, round heads.
Varieties of Cabbage
There are many varieties of cabbage like:
- Chinese cabbage(for fall harvest)
- Ruby Perfection(Good varieties)
- Golden Acre(For faster harvest timing)
- Earley Jersey Wakefield
There are many disease free/resistant varieties also like:
- Blue Vintage
Harvest / Storage
- Start collecting when the heads reach the desired size and are firm. 70 days are required for almost all cabbage varieties. 1-3 pounds heads are produced of most early varieties.
- Each cabbage head must be cut with a sharp knife and after cutting the heads must be kept in shades immediately.
- Remove the stem and root entirely to keep away diseases related to soil.
- Cabbage can be put in the refrigerator for no more than two weeks. It should be properly wrapped in plastic. Before storing it should be dry.
Time of cultivation
- Cabbage, a vegetable full of vitamin but it's hard to grow. It acts as a magnet for some types of pests in the garden. You can grow cabbage by providing proper care in one year in the season of spring and fall.
- Initiate the cabbage seeds inside 6 to 8 week before the last spring drop.
- Prepare the soil, till it compost.
- Outdoors transplantation should start a 2-3 week before the last expected drop.
- A cloudy afternoon should be preferred.
- Saplings of cabbage seeds should be 12-24 inches apart. This is based on the desired head of the cabbage. If you plant cabbage closer, then the head of the cabbage grows smaller.
- Regulate the soil temperature and plant the cabbage year to year as to avoid the diseases related to soil.
- Cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli are closely linked. They require the same type of nutrition. It is best not to plant them together. They all deplete the soil quickly faster and also pull disease and pest together. Cabbage can be planted near cucumber and beans.
- When the saplings grow up to 5 inches tall, keep in mind that they should be at the desired distance apart.
- 3-week fertilisation is needed after transplantation.
- Per week make sure to keep the soil moist with mulch and water.