Potato Information, Nutrients, Benefits | Hospitalkhoj


  • The botanical name of potato is Solanum tuberosum.
  • It is an underground, starchy stem.
  • It is the world’s 4th largest food crop.
  • There are over 1000s of different types of potatoes.
  • But the green leaves and green skin become highly toxic when exposed to sunlight.
  • Potato plants are herbaceous. They grow upto 60 cm long. They are perennial plants.
  • Potatoes are mostly cross-pollinated by bees.
  • They can be propagated vegetatively by their tubers.
  • Potato plant is a tetraploid plant with 48 chromosomes.
  • The International Potato Centre holds a collection of germplasm.
  • Most modern potatoes are grown in North America.
  • It was the staple crop of Ireland. But a fungus Phytophthora infestans infected the crop and caused Great Irish famine.

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